The healthy habitat is the key that is integral for the successful life span of several wildlife species in the state of Ohio. The habitat is the home of the animals and the plants. And the ecosystem is the community in which the animals and the plants live, feed and grow within the same area of the environment.
It is worth mentioning that Ohio has a diverse ecosystem and habitat that includes the streams, lakes, rivers, deciduous forests, wetlands and also prairies. Each of these eco systems also have their communities of different and variety of species that thrive in that community. Any kind of a healthy habitat can provide the animals and plants, can provide the benefits that include healthy, cultural, biological and also economic factors.
Apart from these sweeping ecosystems, as a resident of Ohio, you can also create and enhance a backyard habitat for encouraging the growth of various species of plants and animals in your locality and state. You can also avail the National Wildlife Federation certified wildlife habitat program for practicing natural habitat for animals in your backyard.
Forests and swamp lands
Not many years ago, most part of Ohio was covered with dense forests. But during the early 19th century, only 10% of the forests remained. However, not much long ago, several nonprofit organizations and environmentalists along with several state agencies, and now the total forest area in Ohio is around 30% of the total area of the state.
The vernal pools of Ohio are seasonal wetlands that are unique to the state and are also the natural habitat of several plant and animals. However only 10% of the vernal pools in Ohio remains at present.
Ever wondered about the kinds of trees and plants present in the forests of Ohio? Or the relationship types that the various animals and organisms have in the forest and with the forests? If you are interested in knowing all about these and more, you can opt for a program on the Ohio forestry and the wildlife conversation camp.
Coming back to the natural habitat of the wild animals:
Of the most primary and the basic needs for a natural wildlife habitat to grow, the requirement is simple, water, food, space and also shelter.
The farmlands of Ohio are perfect for the habitat of the wildlife. However Ohio is losing its farmland at an alarming rate. Some of the wildlife animals that can thrive in the farmlands of Ohio include the eastern meadow larks, barn owls, bobwhite quail, fox, deer and turkeys.
If you opt for a management of wildlife, it can offer you several benefits as a land owner. There are several opportunities for abundant wildlife populations. Some of the recreational opportunities include fishing, bird watching and hunting. Of course as a land owner you also stand to gain many ecological benefits too like reduction of soil erosion, better quality of water and also increase in the moisture of the soil.
Improvements of wildlife habitat
Any kind of enhancement or improvement in the wildlife habitats can also reduce the overall cost of energy used at home, while also providing you with equipment fuel and cattle feed. If you are interested in creating habitat for some species of birds or bats, they can make your environment insects free without your investment in insecticides.
As a landowner, you can also receive some additional benefits in terms of money simply by establishing a recreational preserves for the wild animals whether publicly or privately. Besides such a backyard wildlife habitat can also serve as a classroom for the children for their outdoor activities. That way, the children will also be able to learn in details about how to balance an ecosystem and also meet the requirements of human societies in general.
If you have a piece of land that you want to use for breeding of wildlife species, you need to first decide which species you want to attract to your farm. For instance, you can show your interest in grassland birds and also several game species like deer.
Remember, it is important to understand that every type of wildlife species have different requirements when it comes to their habitat and life style. While food and water are necessary for nourishing and shelter is necessary for all kinds of protection against the natural weather, catastrophe, disasters and predators. Similarly, space is important for all the lifestyle activities like mating with partners, hunting for food, and also reproducing and raising the younger species. It is needless to say that each of the wildlife species no matter how big or small it is requires the unique combination of all the four above mentioned elements at the right proportion for a healthy growth.
Next you need to identify the areas in which you can build a wildlife habitat. For instance, you can use old house as a site or the old orchards, the streamside areas or the bottom lands, the hedgegrows or the fence lines, fallen logs and snags.
Once you are able to protect the space for the habitat of the wild animals, you can next determine the cover components and the food that you need to provide them or arrange for them to hunt along.
Odd lands and areas
The odd areas that are not used for the cultivation like the bogs and the caves, the seeps and the ditches and also the road side canals etc are considered as odd areas that are not good for any other purposes. You can use these areas for the growth of the wildlife habitat of the different animals. While the grass and the shrubs can protect the animals and the area of their living in the shallow waters, you can ensure there is vegetation diversity simply by eliminating any kind of livestock in those areas. Also reduce the mowing of the grass frequently in that area. You can mow once in every three years and it will suffice.